ENGLISH 7: UNIT 9; FESTIVALS AROUND THE WORLD

UNIT 9: FESTIVALS AROUND THE WORLD

READING

  1. Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

Two of the most important holidays in the United States are Independence Day and Thanksgiving Day. The fourth of July marks the American declaration of independence from Britain. Most towns, big or small, celebrate the fourth of July with parades and fireworks. Families (1)…………………….with barbecues or picnics. Thanksgiving Day is celebrated in fall, on the fourth Thursday in November. It is a day (2)…………………..people give thanks to the harvest. Most families (3)……………………a large dinner with roast turkey. (4)……………………..Independence Day and Thanksgiving Day are national (5)………………..

  1. A. celebrating B. celebration C. celabrate                 D. celebrated
  2. A. where B. when C. which                      D. in which
  3. A. have B. buy C. help                         D. take
  4. A. besides B. both C. Either                      D. nor
  5. A. chances B. months C. holidays                  D. times

2.Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

The Rio de Janeiro Carnival – Rio de Janerio, Brazil

Brazil’s most popular and festive holiday is Carnival. In fact, many people (1)………………Carnival one of the world’s biggest celebrations. Each spring, on the Saturday before Ash Wednesday, the streets of Brazil’s largest city, Rio de Janeiro, come alive (2)………………..wild parties, festivals and glamorous dances.

The Samba School Parade is the highlight of the (3)…………………event. About 3.000 performers, in colourful costumes embellished with feathers, beads and thousands of sequins, dance down the parade route into the Sambadrome – a dance stadium (4)……………….built for the event. Judges award a (5)…………………..to the most spectacular group of dancers.

  1. A. consider B. regard C. believe                    D. hope
  2. A. of B. in C. with                                    D. at
  3. A. four days B. four-days C. fourth day              D. four-day
  4. A. build B. built C. to build                   D. building
  5. A. prize B. price C. respect                    D. result

 

  1. Fill in each blank in the following passage with ONE suitable word from the box.
                       Ones                 enjoy              rises                             by

                       Are                   as                     according                   numbers

Among the festivals celebrated (1)………………… some of Asian people is the Moon Cake Festival, also known (2)……………………the Mid-August Festival. Large (3)…………….. of small round moon cakes (4)…………………….eaten on this day, and children (5)………………..carrying colourful paper lanterns come in all shapes; the more popular (6)………………….. are shaped like fish, rabbits, and butterflies. (7)………………… to them the moon shines brightest on the night of the Moon Cake Festival. As the moon (8)……………………, tables are placed outside the house and women make offerings of fruit and moon cakes to the Moon Goddess.

  1. Read the following passage, and then tick the correct answers: true (T), false (F) or not mentioned (NM).

Las Fallas Festival in Valencia, Spain is a week-long festival with music, and a lot of fireworks. Fallas are big sculptures made of wood and paper. People burn them at the end of the festival. The festival takes place on 15-19 March every year.

David and Marta, two teenagers from Valencia, are talking about the preparations for the festival of Las Fallas.

David: The tradiditon of Las Fallas started when carpenters burned their old wood at the end of winter to celebrate spring. Now, big groups of neighbours usually make a falla together. They can take about a year to make! My brother is an artist and he designed our falla. He’s worried because he hasn’t finished and it has to be ready next week!

Marta: I live in a village near Valencia but I come and stay with my grandmother for Las Fallas. There’s music, dancing and lines of people walking in the streets. It’s a very noisy festival and it goes on all day and all night for a week. A lot of people wear beautiful, traditional costumes and they make foods in the streets. It’s always great fun. This year is going to be the best. I’m really excited!

 

T F NM
1. The Las Fallas festival is at the beginning of March.
2. It takes place in Valencia, Spain.
3. People make the fallas with their friends.
4. People make the falla in one week.
5. The festival takes place outside in the street.
6. People spend a lot of money on fireworks, fallas, and costumes.
7. One problem with the festival is the noise from the fireworks.
8. The festival often brings a lot of fun.
9. A lot of tourists go to the festival.
10. People burn fallas at the end of the festival.
  1. Read the text carefully, and then answer the questions.

Day of the Dead – Mexico

Day of the Dead is celebrated on November 1 in Mexico, Ecuador, Guatemala and other parts of Central and South America. Families gather to pray to the souls of dead relatives, asking them to return for just one night. People decorate altars in their homes and graveyards with food, candles, candy skulls and marigolds to welcome the souls back to Earth. Skeletons anre displayed throughout cities, and people dressed as skeletons parade through the streets. Pan de los muertos (bread of the dead) is baked in the shape of skulls and crossbones, and a toy is hidden inside each loaf. The person who bites into the toy is said to have good luck. Day of the Dead is a time to celebrate and remember the lives of dead family members.

1.Where and when is the Day of the Dead celebrated?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2.What do families gather to pray for?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3.What do people do to welcome the souls back to Earth?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4.What is the custom with Pan de los muertos (bread of the dead)?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5.What is the purpose of the Day of the Dead?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. Read the passage, and then answer the questions.

A Hindu festival: Diwali

The festival of Diwali is one of the most important religious festivals in India. It lasts for five days around the end of October. It is the festival of Lakshmi, the Goddess who, in the Hindu religion, brings peace and prosperity.

Preparations for the festival begin several weeks before the festival. People clean and decorate their homes, prepare special food and buy new clothes and jewelry to welcome the Goddess in their homes. All over India, people light up their homes with oil lamps and colourful lights.

The celebrations take place on the darkest night of the lunar month, Amavasya. In the evening, fireworks fill the sky to make Diwali a true “Festival of Light”.

  1. In which country is Diwali celebrated?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2. How long is the festival of Diwali?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3.Which Godness is it the festival of?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4.What do people do to prepare for the festival?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5.Why is Diwali called “Festival of Light”?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

7.Read the text carefully, and then answer the questions.

Holi – India

Holi is a spring festival also known as the festival of colors. It is an ancient Hindu religious festival which starts with a Holika bonfire on the night before Holi where people gather, sing and dance. The next morning is free for all carnival of colors, where everyone plays, chases and colors each other with dry powder and colored water, with some carrying water guns and colored water-filled ballons for their water fight. Children and youth spray coloured powder on each other’s face. Visitors to homes are first teased with colours, then served with Holi delicacies, desserts and drinks. After playing with colours, and cleaning up, people bathe, put on clean clothes, visit friends and family.

  1. What is the festival Holi in India?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

2.What does Holi start with?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

3.What do people often do on the second day?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

4.What are some activites during the festival?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

5.What do people do after playing with colour?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

8.Read the text carefully, and then answer the questions.

The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Cletic roots. Hundreds of years ago, winter was an uncertain and frightening time. Food supplies often ran low and, for the many people afraid of the dark, the short days of winter were full of constant worry. On Halloween, when it was believed that ghosts came back to the earthly world, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. On Halloween, to keep ghosts away from their houses, people would place bowls of food outside their homes to appease the ghosts and prevent them from attempting to enter.

  1. What is the origin of the tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

2.What happened in winter hundreds of years ago?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

3.What would people encounter if they left their homes on Halloween in the past?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

4.What would people do to avoid being recognized by the ghosts?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

5.And what would people do to keep ghosts away from their houses?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………..

 

9.Read the following passage then decide if the statements are true and false.

Mid-autumn Festival is very popular in many Asian countries, including Viet Nam. It is held in autumn. It is a seasonal festival. Traditionally, it was held to celebrate the summer harvest’s end. Nowadays, it is the time for families to light the lanterns and enjoy a special type of food. The food is called Moon Cake, because it is round, like the moon. In Viet Nam, most families buy Moon Ckes from shops, while some other families make the cakes by themselves. People often eat Moon Cakes with fruits or tea. During the festival, people can also watch the Lion Dances by the performers on the streets. Children like the Mid-autumn Festival very much because their parents usually buy them beautiful lanterns.

 

T F
1. Mid-autumn Festival is held in Viet Nam only.
2. Mid-autumn Festival is a religious festival.
3. Some families make Moon Cakes by themselves.
4. People never eat Moon Cakes with tea.
5. People can watch the Lion Dances during Mid-autumn Festival.
  1. Read the following passage, and then tick the correct answers: true (T) or false (F).

Songkran is Thailand’s most famous festival. An important event on the Buddhist calendar, this water festival marks the beginning of the traditional Thai New Year. Water is an important element of Songkran, especially in more recent times when the throwing of water has become a huge part of the annual celebrations. If you’re visiting Thailand during this period, don’t be surprised if you get splashed. Crowds of people roam around throwing buckets of water, using water pistols and just generally soaking anyone in the vicinity. Appreciation of family is another important aspect of the festival, with many Thai people making their way to their hometowns to spend time with older relatives. Buddhists also visit temples throughout Songkran where water is poured on Buddha images and on the hands of Buddhist monks as a mark of respect.

Without a doubt, Songkran is a hugely important festival to the Thai people but it’s also very popular with visitors and many tourists specifically arrange their holidays around this unique event. Anyone and everyone can and will get involved in the celebrations. If you’re out and about during Songkran, you’re almost guaranteed to end up soaked but you’ll have lots of fun in the process!

T F
1. Songkran is considered the festival of the traditional Thai New Year.
2. Water has been used during the festival recently but not in the past.
3. People have many ways to make each other wet with water.
4. Songkran is also an occasion for people to go back to the hometown to spend time with their relatives.
5. It is certainly not a religious festival.
6. Everyone visits temples to pour water on Buddha images to show their respect.
7. The Thai do not let foreigners participate in the festival.
8. Songkran is actually a very important festival in Thailand.
9. Nearly everyone gets wet after taking part in the festival.
10. The festival only has the religious meaning but it is not enjoyable.

 

  1. Read the following passage and tich (v) True (T) or False (F) for each sentence.

The Vietnamese people celebrate the New Year (Tet) on the first three days of the January according to the lunar calendar. To prepare for Tet, these days, they often paint and decorate their houses. They buy a lot of fruit, flowers and make many delicious dishes. They make sticky rice cakes because they are their traditional cakes. People who work a long distance away try to get home on these days. On the first day of Tet, people often offer these good fruit and food to their ancestors and after that the whole families enjoy the food. They also visit pagodas, temples, their relatives and friends. Children are very happy to get lucky money from the adults. There are a lot of traditional games and contests at Tet such as rice-cooking, fight-making, water-fetching, buffalo-fighting, etc. They are really interseting. People are playing and enjoying themselves very much on this occasion.

T F
  1. The Vietnamese people celebrate the New Year (Tet) on the first day of the January according to the lunar calendar.
  2. People often paint and decorate their houses after Tet.
  3. They buy a lot of fresh fruit, flowers and make many delicious dishes.
  4. On the first day of Tet, people often offer these good fruit and food to their ancestors.
  5. Children are given lucky money from the adults.

 

 

  1. Read the passage and circle A, B or C to complete the sentences.

Da Lat Flower Festival is one of the most famous festivals in the South of Viet Nam. It takes place every year, but its date is not fixed. It’s often held at the end of December. The first festival was in December 2005 and it attracted about eighty thousand visitors. During the festival, people go to Da Lat to see flower exhibitions. There are hundreds of kinds of flowers; most of them come from Viet Nam, but there are some kinds from other countries as well. They make the streets colorful and beautiful. People also have a chance to watch lively street parade and visit Flower Market. The festival attracts local people and visitors all over the world.

  1. Da Lat Flower Festival takes place………………………
  2. every two years B. every year C. every spring
  3. It’s been held in Da Lat……………………..
  4. in 2005 B. since 2008 C. since 2005
  5. In the first Flower Festival, there were eighty thousand……………………….
  6. kinds of flowers B. flowers C. visitors
  7. Most flowers ………………………from Viet Nam, but there are some kinds from other countries as well.
  8. are B. go C. comes
  9. People also have a chance to watch lively street……………………….and visit Flower Market.
  10. dance B. artists C. parade
  11. Read the passage and circle A, B or C to complete the sentences.

Diwali is also known as the Festival of Lights. It is the most important religious festival in India. The yearly festival is celebrated all over the country in October or November. It gives people a chance to learn about the cultural richness of India. During the festival, people wear their best clothes and decorate their houses with thousands of candles and lights to welcome Lakshmi- the Goddess of Wealth. There are also fireworks and music performances. Diwali attracts thousands of people because of its festival atmosphere.

  1. Diwali is the most important…………………….festival in India.
  1. seasonal B. arts C. religious
  2. The festival is celebrated all over the country……………………
  3. every year B. monthly C. every 2 years
  4. It gives people a chance to learn about the…………………richness of India.
  5. culture B. cultured C. cultural
  6. During Diwali, there are fireworks and music…………………
  7. performs B. performances C. performers
  8. Diwali attracts thousands of people because of its ………………….atmosphere.
  9. festive B. festival C. festivity
  10. Read the text and then choose the best answer A, B, C or D.

Visit the Edinburgh Festival

Every year, thousands of people come to Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, to be part of the Edinburgh Festival. For three weeks every August and September the city is filled with actors and artists from all over the world. They come to Edinburgh for the biggest arts festival in Britain. During this time, the streets of the city are alive with music and dance from early in the morning until late at night. You can even see artists painting pictures on the streets.

Tens of thousands of tourists come to the festival to see new films and plays and to hear music played by famous musicians. This year, you can see over five hundred performances with actors from more than forty countries.

The tickets for these performances are quite cheap, and it is usually easier to see your favourite star in Edinburgh than it is in London. So come to Edinburgh next summer!

  1. How many people come to attend the Edinburgh Festival every year?
  1. Thousand people B. Thousands of people
  2. Some people D. Few people
  3. how long does the Edinburgh Festival last?
  4. Two months B. Three months
  5. Three weeks D. For 3 weeks every August and September

3.What can you even see artists doing on the streets?

  1. Playing the guitar on the streets
  2. Singing songs on the streets
  3. Painting pictures on the streets
  4. Dancing on the streets
  5. How many performances can people see this year?
  6. Tens of thousands B. Thousands
  7. Some people D. Over five hundreds
  8. How much are the tickets for these performances?
  9. Very cheap B. Very expensive
  10. Not cheap D. Not quite expensive

 

15 . Complete the following passage with these words.

Fireworks                    parades                        festivities                     dancing           costumes

 

 

 

“Carnaval” is the most famous holiday in Brazil, and the biggest carnival in the world. Except for industrial production, retail establishments such as malls, and carnival- related businesses, the country stops completely for almost a week and (1)…………………..take place, day and night, mainly in coastal cities. There are lots of street (2)………………………with amazingly decorated lorries (called floats) and people dressed in colourful (3)……………….. Everywhere you go there are samba bands playing and people (4)………………………Right through the night the festivities continue with more dancing and music and (5)……………………displays which light up the night sky. The carnival attracts millions and millions of people, including foreigners, every year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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