ENGLISH 7: UNIT 11: TRAVELING IN THE FUTURE(READING)

UNIT 11: TRAVELING IN THE FUTURE

READING

Question 1: Read the following passage then decide if the statements are true or false.

The big problem for plane-makers in the future is the size of the airplanes, not their speed. Because the skies are already full of air traffic, some countries are planning to make new super-planes and reduce the number of planes in the skies. Those new planes will be much bigger than the planes we see today, and they will be able to carry up to eight hundred people at one time.

At the moment, a billion people travel on airplanes a year, but this number will be a lot higher by the year 2020. The best way to avoid traffic jam in the skies is to build bigger planes. Plane-makers are working to turn their designs into real super-planes. Ten years from now, we may possibly be travelling on a super-plane for the first time.

  T F
1. The skies are already full of air traffic.    
2. Some countries are planning to make new super-planes and increase the number of planes in the skies.    
3. New super-planes will be albe to carry to eight hundred people at one time.    
4. Less than one billion people will travel on airplanes in 2020.    
5. The best way to avoid traffic jam in the skies is to build faster planes.    

 Question 2. Read the following passage, and then tick the correct answers: true (T) or false (F).

Thinking about how we will be travelling in 10 or 20 years is very interesting. Will we still be using planes or will we be flying our cars from Paris to London? Here are some suggestions.

Sky Train

Currently being developed at NASA, SkyTrain looks like the monorail at Disney World. Moving at 240km/h and using small amount of energy, it could be the future of city transportation. Skytrain has the passenger capacity of a 6-lane highway.

Flying cars

Zhu Wenxi and Lai Zexin, Chinese students, have designed a solar –powered flying car that doesn’t need a runway to take off. If you have about 2 hundred thousand dollars, you will own this vehicle soon.

An electric minibus

The minibus Cameo, designed by Martin Pes, can carry 32 passengers but it is small enough to get its way out of a traffic jam. Its electric motor and low weight mean that it can be racharged in seconds while stopping and it has zero emission.

An eco-taxi

Taxis are bad for the environment and traffic jams. We enter the eco-taxi, and individual taxis form a train powered by solar panels.

  T F
1.Skytrain is fast but cannot be used as a means of transportation in the city.    
2. Flying cars designed by two Chinese students run on solar energy.    
3. Flying cars don’t need a long runway to take off.    
4. Because it is small, an electric minibus can avoid traffic jams.    
5. Several eco-taxis form a line moving together, using solar energy.    

 

Question 3. Read the passage and circle A, B or C to complete the sentences.

Travelling in the future will be much easier and safer.

People may travel in a driverless car. Even old and disabled people will be able to use it, because the car can drive itself. However, a driverless car will be expensive.

People can choose to go on foot on moving pavements. A Swiss company has invented a system of high-speed moving pavements. People will go through the streets at up to 15 kilometres per hour just by standing on the pavements. This will reduce travelling time of pedestrians and traffic jams effectively. Therefore, more people will leave their vehicles home.

  1. People may travel……………………a driverless car.

A. at                            B. in                            C. on

2. Even old and disabled people will be able to use it, because the car can………………itself.

A. drive                       B. ride                         C. pedal

3. People can choose to go………………….foot on moving pavements.

A. with                        B. on                           C. in

4. A Swiss company has invented a system of…………………..moving pavements.

A. high-speed              B. low-speed               C. slow

5. More people …………………their vehicles home.

A. leave                       B. will leaving             C. will leave

 

Question 4. Put a phrase from the box in each gap to complete the following passage.

It is a modern means of transport                   the suburban railway is the interchange

Athens metro is the quickest solution             they can take you anywhere at any time

Visitors can use in the city of Athens

 There are many means of transport that (1)………………………….., the capital of Greece. In order to move around inside the city there is a wide network of buses leading to different areas of Athens, then there are trolleybuses which move with the help of electricity and cover a wide area as well.

(2)…………………….but since it is quite new in Greece it doesn’t yet cover every single prefecture but there are plans for expansion so that other locations are served as well. The metro has connections with the railway train of Athens which can take you from the Port of Piraeus to the northern suburbs with many stops in between.

(3)………………….……of the metro which will take you to the Athens Airport and a few more areas which are a bit far from the center of Athens but inside the prefecture of Attica.

Moving on with the tram, (4)………………….……..preferred by many people since it connects areas that didn’t have adequate transportation before and it passes by locations where there are no metro stations. Taxis are cheap in comparison to other European countries and (5)……………………since they are easy to find and quick if there is no traffic.

Question 5 . Put a word from the box in each gap to complete the following passage.

Ease                 to                                 cycle                            easily               miniature

From                transport                      bullock cart                 cars                  invention

About hundreds of years ago there was no fastest means of transport and people had to walk on a (1)……………………..or horseback. Today, we are with number of means of transport and can reach any part of the world with (2)………………………First of all, with the invention of the wheels came the (3)…………………….which is still very a popular form of transport. It is an eco-friendly vehicle. The first (4)………………….that made transport truly fast was the invention of the steam engine. This led to the railways. And further, the petrol engine soon changed the whole scene by making the motor car possible. Today, of course we have motor cycles, motor cars and diesel run trucks. The bulkiest of material can easily be transported (5)…………………….one end of the country (6)………………………..other end by means of trucks or by railways. We can easily travel to our place of work or go on a holiday. (7)………………..have emerged as the most widely accepted form of (8)……………………..Today, they have been made very comfortable to run air –conditioner, radio and tape-recorder and even a (9)………………………television. Five or six people can (10)………………….travel with comfort…

 Question 6: Read the text and answer the following questions.

Up, up and away!

Martin Halstead is only 19, but he already owns an airline company. Alpha One Airways will make its first flight on 14 December this year. The plane will fly from the Isle of Man (an island between England and Ireland) to Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. It won’t carry a lot of passengers because it is a small plane. The journey will take about 45 minutes. Tickets will be cheap and passengers won’t get any food or drink on the flight. Will the company make money? Nobody knows – but most people think that Martin Halstead will be successful one day.

  1. When will Alpha One Airways make its first flight?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

2.Where will the plane fly from?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

3.Where will it fly to?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

4.Will it carry a lot of passengers? Why or why not?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

5.How long will the journey take?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

6.Will the passengers get any food or drink?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

Question 7. Read the text, and then answer the questions.

It is a computer drawing of the plane of the future. British engineers and scientists have published plans for a new hypersonic plane called the A2. It will be very fast. At the moment, a flight from London in the UK to Sydney in Australia takes about twenty-one hours but with the A2 the same flight will take about four hours.

The flight will fly at 4,500 kilometres per hour and will fly at an altitude of over 10,000 metres.

It will carry 300 passengers but it won’t have any windows because scientists haven’t found glass that is strong enough. It will be better for the environment than other planes because the engines won’t produce gases that cause pollution.

In the future, will people travel from London to Australia for the weekend? It’s possible! But how much will a ticket cost? The planners say that it won’t be very expensive – about £2,000. The A2 will be ready for its first flight in 2020.

  1. How long does it take the A2 plane to fly from London to Sydney?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

2.What is the speed of the plane?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

3.What is the altitude of the flight?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

4.How many passengers can it carry?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

5.How much does a ticket for the flight from London to Sydney cost?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……..

  Question 2:

  1. False 2. True 3. False 4. True 5. True

Question 6:

  1. It will make its first flight on 14 December this year.
  2. The plane will fly from the Isle of Man (an island between England and Ireland).
  3. It will fly to Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
  4. No, it won’t carry a lot of passengers because it is a small plane.
  5. The journey will take about 45 minutes.
  6. No, passengers won’t get any food or drink on the flight.

Question 7:

  1. It takes about twenty-one hours.
  2. It is 4,500 kilometres per hour.
  3. The plane will fly at an altitude of over 10,000 metres.
  4. It will carry 300 passengers.
  5. A ticket for the flight from London to Sydney costs about £2,000.

 

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